Monica Jansen and Paula Jordão
The events of 1968 and their repercussions in the seventies are generally characterised as an essential part of a decade of social conflict and evoke contradictory memories in national European imaginaries. This is certainly the case in Italy and Portugal, where the clash between creativity and violence, between utopia and dystopia, has left deep traces in the history, culture and literature of both countries. In Portugal, the premonitions and effects of the April revolution of 1974 are the main landmarks of this period. Simultaneous with the euphoria caused by the fall of the fifty year-old dictatorship, the country became involved in a period of transition to a democratic system in which the adherence to the European Union and the controversial decolonisation process play a crucial role.